Monday, January 20, 2020
Laws of Life "Each contact with a human being is so rare, so precious, one should preserve it."(Anais Nin). This means that every person one comes in contact with has an influence on his life. One should never forget the people who go out of their way to be nice to them. Influences others have on my life are the most important details of my life. There have been many influences on my life, three of which stand out the most, my laws of life. One influence on my life is people. Miss Haferman is a person who has had a very great influence on my life. She was my first grade teacher. She was the most caring and dedicated teacher I ever had and she respected every student as an individual. On the other hand, she had a very negative influence on my life. She is the person who told me there was no Santa Clause, which ruined Christmas for me for a very long time. Another person who has had a great influence on my life is Mr. Robinson. He was my first band teacher. He is the person who convinced me to join band, which helped me make many great friends and also made school fun for me. He also taught me how to play the clarinet. Now, I love playing the clarinet and it could even get me a scolarship for college. Another influence on my life is incidents. Moving to Tennessee was an incident that was very influential on my life. One way it was influential was losing all my old friends whom I had known my whole life. They were a big part of my life and I still regret ever losing touch with them. Moving to Tennessee was also influential because I had to make new friends, and I became less shy and more outgoing. My friends in Tennessee and my friends in Illinois are very different, but they are all very great people. Another influential incident in my life is going to FCHS. Going to FCHS also caused me to lose some of my friends. Even though I lost those friends, I made many friends who are really nice. I also learned alot about who my real friends are. Society has also had a great influence on my life. Princess Diana had a great influence on my life. One of the great things she did that influenced my life was when she auctioned seventy-nine of her dresses and donated the money to charity.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
King Lear and Gloucester are similar to an extent of being tragic heroes, because they both experience the traditional features of a classic tragedy. Both characters go through the features of hubris, hamartia and culminates with anagnorisis. Shakespeare employs the double plot in Ã¢â¬ËKing LearÃ¢â¬â¢, the only Shakespearean tragedy to employ two similar plots which function in a parallel manner. In doing so, Shakespeare is able to demonstrate the tragic consequences that result when the natural law is subverted. Despite both being tragic figures, the causes of their downfall are different and thus the culmination of the way both characters are considered to be tragic varies as well. Lear and Gloucester both commit blunders in the opening of the play, calling attention to their own tragic flaw, however the both the cause and impact varies. There is an indication of a power struggle as Renaissance society was patriarchal and gerontocratic, meaning men did not consider retirement nor did they pass on their power when they reached old age. Lear deciding to give away his power to his daughters, under the intention of Ã¢â¬Ëconferring them on younger strengths, while we unburthenÃ¢â¬â¢d crawl towards deathÃ¢â¬â¢, would have challenged the thinking of an Elizabethan audience who acknowledged the social construct of the Ã¢â¬ËGreat Chain of BeingÃ¢â¬â¢, the existence of a natural social of all beings and animals having their own ordained position. Both figures reject a child who truly loved them- this is their tragic flaw. LearÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to Ã¢â¬Ëdisclaim all parental careÃ¢â¬â¢ from Cordelia, is perhaps the most impactful decision, because Lear had d isacknowledged the one daughter who truly loved him. As a result, LearÃ¢â¬â¢s subversion of power Ã¢â¬Ëto shake all cares and business from our ageÃ¢â¬â¢ is perhaps more fata as a mistake in comparison to Gloucester. For Gloucester, his mistake is may be his adultery. The way Gloucester describes his son as Ã¢â¬Ëoften blushed to acknowledge himÃ¢â¬â¢ highlights the concern of raising an illegitimate child. Consequently, Edmund seeks go against the laws of primogeniture, allowing only the legitimate child to be entitled to land. Gloucester is alsoÃ suggested to have relaxed morals, justifying the birth of Edmund with his mother as a Ã¢â¬Ëknave came something saucily to the worldÃ¢â¬â¢. GloucesterÃ¢â¬â¢s fault is less reckless than LearÃ¢â¬â¢s. GloucesterÃ¢â¬â¢s fault is arguably justifiable as he was lied to by his own son. However it is his reaction, denying thought and logic which warrants consequences. The impact of both characterÃ¢â¬â¢s hamartia being equally destructive. According to Aristotle, he believed horror and pity are the two emotions the audience should feel while watching a tragedy, and Shak The physical suffering Gloucester endures namely, being blinded was thought to be something too gruesome to be displayed as a result, the scene had been omitted by some productions. Theatrical critic G.Wilson Knight commented on the play being Ã¢â¬Ëpurposeless and unreasonable, King Lear is the most fearless artistic facing of ultimate crueltyÃ¢â¬â¢. The juxtaposition of GloucesterÃ¢â¬â¢s cries of Ã¢â¬Ëgive me help! O cruel!Ã¢â¬â¢ against GonerilÃ¢â¬â¢s brutal statements Ã¢â¬Ëhow now, you dog!Ã¢â¬â¢ highlights the ruthlessness and barbarity of GloucesterÃ¢â¬â¢s circumstance. 19th century criticism was notable for suggesting Gloucester is punished harshly for his misjudgement of characters and will be viewed by most audiences as a character Ã¢â¬Ëmore sinned agai nst than sinningÃ¢â¬â¢. However, in comparison to LearÃ¢â¬â¢s suffering, the King may be portrayed more so as a tragic figure. Unlike Gloucester, Lear falls into a state of madness and the audience watch LearÃ¢â¬â¢s mind deteriorate progressively during the play. The dismissal of LearÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Ëhundred knightsÃ¢â¬â¢ by both Goneril and Regan is powerful because the knights can be considered to be a symbol of LearÃ¢â¬â¢s importance. But being denied something which Lear wants and needs he notably comments, Ã¢â¬ËManÃ¢â¬â¢s life is cheap as beastÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ as aspects including clothes and property are symbols of civilisation. As a result Lear is reduced to having nothing to his name, thus being reduced as G.Wilson Knight said an Ã¢â¬Ëelemental, instinctive lifeÃ¢â¬â¢. Near the end of the play, the king is wearing a Ã¢â¬Ëcrown of thornsÃ¢â¬â¢, characterising his downfall as a figure who was once decorated as King of England to a person who has aligned himself with nature, furthe red by Frank Kernode stating, Ã¢â¬Ësuffering can reduce humanity to a bestial conditionÃ¢â¬â¢ In this way, the portrayal of LearÃ¢â¬â¢s madness may be seen as more tragic than of what Gloucester experienced. A further feature of a classic tragedy is both tragic figures achieving anagnorisis, (a critical moment ofÃ recognition), near the ending of the play. The moment of realization occurs when Regan reveals to Gloucester of Edmund being a Ã¢â¬Ëtreacherous villainÃ¢â¬â¢ Once being blinded, Gloucester comments, Ã¢â¬ËI stumbled when I sawÃ¢â¬â¢, situational irony is deployed, epitomizing his realization of the events surrounding him, at a point where he is no longer able to see. Perhaps this alludes to critic Lawrence RosingerÃ¢â¬â¢s comment of Ã¢â¬Ëthe play is about Gloucester and LearÃ¢â¬â¢s self-discovery after a period of treating the others as a means of self-gratificationÃ¢â¬â¢, suggesting for Gloucester to recognise the true virtues of a human being, the process involves suffering and pain. However, for Lear to gain anagnorisis, I believe he is forced to endure suffering, for example, his daughters which serves to heighten the sympathy felt for Lear. This is exemplified particularly when interacting with Gloucester in Act 4, commenting Ã¢â¬Ëthey (Goneril and Regan) flattered me like a dogÃ¢â¬â¢, the dramatic irony invoking pity because the audience is already aware of this. Once reunited with Cordelia, Lear expresses himself as being Ã¢â¬Ëbound upon a wheel of fireÃ¢â¬â¢, his pessimistic view, alluding to a Christian interpretation of hell. Though both characters learn through their experience, it is arguably LearÃ¢â¬â¢s anagnoriss which allows him to be more tragic than Gloucester. His torment eventually reduces him to beggary, wanting Ã¢â¬Ëgive me that patience, patience I needÃ¢â¬â¢, the chiasmus emphasising his desperation.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
These are the people who were getting the employment opportunities. Ricci is one of such men, and he goes up, receives the slip and some instructions then leaves to prepare for his first day at work. The scene also has various flats in the background that are visible as Ricci approaches the crowd that is awaiting employment opportunities. These flats are an indication of the reconstruction that is taking place in the region due to the end of the war. They are realistic in that they are shot on the scene in the actual filming of the movie. The reconstruction of Rome is essential to the growth of Italy and the development of the place. The buildings in the scene are also used to show the increasing rate of population growth in the big cities of Italy. People are moving to these cities with the hope that they will get employed. They hope that the cities will provide a place for them to kick-start life after several years of battle. The buildings, however, are also used by Sica to show that employment opportunities can quickly be depleted due to an increased population. We will write a custom essay sample on Mise-en-scene: The Bicycle Thief or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now With the high population growth, young people who can work well in technical jobs have increased in number, and the available factories and companies cannot accommodate them all. Location vs. Stage or Studio Production This scene is shot on location, rather than having it moved to a studio or theatre. The producer chooses to shoot this movie in the open so as to make it more realistic. It captures life as it was, with everything going on as usual. Buses are moving on the roads, people are crossing streets, and young boys are seen playing around (Sica, 1948). The choice of on-location filming for this scene is important in that it economizes on the budget requirements of the film. The producer does not require the putting up of extra props so as to recreate Rome. Instead, he uses the real Rome and shows it to the viewers as it is. It also saves on the expenses that would have been incurred had he chosen to pay for the services of a studio or a stage. In the on-location filming, the non-professional actors feel free to express themselves and hence produce a great scene. Due to their lack of experience on stage or in studios, they play the role of bringing out the real environment in which people are exposed to life as it is. They seek employment opportunities, move about in the streets and experience the harshness of poverty. Conclusion The aspects of mise-en-scene are crucial in bringing out the meaning of a scene in a film.
Friday, December 27, 2019
BCIS 6320 03 NAME: Koushik.Yelakanti ID NUMBER: 349885 AMAZON DYNAMO DATABASE Introduction: Amazon dynamo database is a collection of databases, storage, compute, tools and support. Let us start with the data bases these databases fallen into two sections they are 1. Traditional classic relational databases, 2. NOSQL databases. Any database can be rum on the amazon platform which is built to be flexible as possible, we are using MYSQL, IBMDB2, Oracle, postgre SQL, and some databases for complete storage to run these databases production. However, there is a considerable measure of work in building and keeping up these databases services must be valid to a team. In late 2009 we build relational database services which aims to streamline in the creation of relational databases can support MYSQL and ORACLE we can spend up any databases and consistencies with nice additional features. Social database administration can have versatile capacity were we can easily increase the amount of data to be stored in data storage, Rapid provisioning, High availability options more than NOSQL, Scalable compute to increase the amount of memory or cpu put your databases as your Query required. There are couple of common patterns to setting up high performance databases, we can Increase throughput by scaling up the physical res ources available in the cloud we can add read replicas and Elastic ache. Increase availability by multi availability deployments, Reduce
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Identity and Access Management for HDOs Health Delivery Organizations (HDOs) are continuously confronted with handling a large amount of sensitive patient information. These organizations must have the capability to protect patient privacy and the integrity of their personal information, and yet be able to share the information with clinicians and staff that have a legal need for the information to provide due care. HDOÃ¢â¬â¢s are also under pressure to increase the effectiveness of their regulatory compliance processes for HIPAA, HITECH, Meaningful Use, PCI, and others. As HDOs expand, merge and evolve to keep up with the requirements of maintaining electronic healthcare records (EHR) and electronic protected health information (ePHI),Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This increase of sensitive data available online, commonly accessed through usernames and passwords, has produced a dramatic jump in healthcare information compromised by data breaches. In 2015, the IRTC reported that a staggering 66.7% of all records compromised in data breaches were in the healthcare industry; in 2014, this number was only 9.7%. Ã¢â¬ ¦.more of a challenge as we lose control of the perimeter with business going digital, mobile and into the cloud. The potential vulnerabilities within a Health Delivery Organizations (HDOs) are numerous. The impact of exploitation of the can be enormous. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not only that the information will be damaged, stolen, or misused; the actual or implied theft of improperly protected electronic data can result in extortion threats. The cost and distraction of a hackerÃ¢â¬â¢s extortion demand that threatens to shut down an entityÃ¢â¬â¢s system or to expose confidential information can be significant. In addition to the direct costs related to the extortion demand, a facility can have major expenses, including those for the required notification of patients related to the real or threatened release of their identity information. Many states require companies to notify all of their customers if a breach is even suspected. The potential for exploitation does not stop there. Consider any of the following scenarios, note that some do not even require access to personal information, a hacker just needs to get access: Ã¯ ¶
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
In this part of this assignment I will be Explaining, values and planning when organising holistic planning for service users. I will be reviewing the benefit to individuals and professional staff, of taking holistic approach to planning support, to do this I will be using to case studies. My first case study is about Sam, a 74 year old widower who is a strict vegetarian and a diabetic. He had a stroke two days ago and is leaving hospital at the end of the week. He is paralysed down the right side of his body. My second case study is about Gina, a 25 year old who was admitted to accident and emergency when she was round on the side of the road in extreme pain. Gina canÃ¢â¬â¢t speak English and has a broken pelvis and leg. The promotion of choice is very important principle when providing holistic support. Sam is a widower and is probably used to looking after himself and being independent. He must be asked about different aspects of his care. When looking at his dietary needs, he may want a choice on what type of diabetic food he wants, as well as catering for his vegetarian needs. His speech has also been affected and he may need to be listened to more carefully when being asked about things, because SamÃ¢â¬â¢s mobility has also been affected, he needs to supported and cooperated with when he is organising his mobility when he gets home. He should have the choice of who he wants to help build up his strength. Sam is also going to need a carer when he gets back home to help him daily things until he has become stronger, he should have a choice on who is taking care of him and what care he wants. The promotion of choice is enabling the service userÃ¢â¬â¢s choices and independent to be put at the centre, they can almost organise most of their care to their wishes, for example a service user will be able to choose their food from the menu than not knowing what they are going to eat, whether they have dietary needs or not; where as they might not be able to choose who is treating them, because there might be a shortage of staff. It is important that we do not d iscriminate (Anti- discriminative practice). Gina who is 25 years old cannot speak English. We must not stereotype her because she canÃ¢â¬â¢t speak English. A translator should be organised as soon as it is possible so GinaÃ¢â¬â¢s care can be as holistic as it can. A translator will enable the service user to work with the care to staff so she can organise her care. It will also help when she is being asked questions about personal information. If Gina has any specific cultural or religious needs this also needs to be taken note of. An anti discriminative practice is important when providing holistic support because it makes the certain service user feel safe and secure; they also get the choice in what care they want. The service user doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to worry about what the staff thinks of them. Their care and health is at the centre When planning holistic support it is important to make sure that the service userÃ¢â¬â¢s confidentiality is made a main priority. For both Sam and Gina, most services users would be unhappy if they found out that their personal information was open. Sam and Gina should be able to choose and meet carers beforehand so that they can trust them fully. This enables their information to be kept confidential without much hesitation. Personal beliefs and morals must be respected when providing holistic supports to a service user. Sam is a strict vegetarian and should be able to choose what type of food he would like. A lot of meat contains protein, so Sam would need to make sure he is being given a healthy alternative If this is not catered for he may also feel discriminated against; he may not be happy with the care he is being given. Gina is from another country and may have different moral and cultural beliefs (she may not on the other hand) she may feel discriminated against if her needs are not catered for, and this can make service users feel disrespected and not a sense of not being listened to. It is important the moral and beliefs and values are a main factor when supporting service users because, you need to make sure that they can trust and respect you. It also makes their care easier to give because the service user feels safe and understood. It is vital that service users are involved in the planning of their support. Sam probably lives on his own and would probably really appreciate being involved in the planning of his support. It is important that service users can have as many as their wishes met when regarding planning support. With GinaÃ¢â¬â¢s language barrier it is important that we make sure that she feels as involved as possible, so we donÃ¢â¬â¢t upset or discriminate against her not being able to speak English. it is also vital that service users are involved in their support, so we can meet any needs they may have that arenÃ¢â¬â¢t so obvious when first meeting them. The application of relevant principles and values will enable professionals to provide holistic support. Service users must always be put at the centre when providing such care. The application of this enables professionals to offer a safe and secure care service, and makes service users feel like they can trust their carers. Many service users would prefer to be supported by holistic care because it enables them to have their care personalised to them. (M1) I will now be reviewing the benefits to individuals and professional staff, when taking a holistic approach to planning support. I will be using the same case studies, about Sam and Gina to explain and review these ideas. Providing holistic support to service users can have a major effect on the recovery of a service user. Sam is going home at the end of the week and is going to need help with mobility whilst be back at home. Providing holistic support to Sam will enable him to make decisions for himself, this may boost SamÃ¢â¬â¢s self esteem and will enable him to make a swifter recovery. If he can be offered the choice of who is to care for him; by Sam being happy about who is looking after him his recovery will also become a quicker process. This also makes it easier for professional staff to plan his care, and make plans best suited to his needs. For Gina, getting a translator to help with the language barrier can make it easier for both her and professional staff to plan her care. It can make any possible surgery happen sooner if they can get any personal information they may need to plan her care. This benefits all because it means Gina gets the care she needs quicker and staff can provide the care as quickly as possible. Both Sam and Gina are going to need some sort of help with their mobility. If holistic support can be provided from the start of their care, their quality of life can be made to a higher standard. Sam may need adjustments to his home and surrounding environments while recovering to make it easier for him to get around. This will make his life easier and the quality of it too. However Sam will most likely be in a wheelchair as he has a paralysed right side. He may have to go into residential care for a short period of time while he recovers, on the other hand Sam may not be happy with this idea and it must be discussed with him about alternative options to make sure his care and support is of a high standard. This is because he lives on his own and is more likely to need to constant care while he recovers. This will benefit professional staff to, because when giving Sam home care it will be easier for him to move around while he gets back on his feet. Gina is going to need physiotherapy, she is also going to need adjustments to her home and surrounding environment to make the recovery process easier for her too. Gina and Sam will need to be asked about any family members that should be involved in the planning of their care. While putting these service users at the centre, the family can be used to make sure that all needs are met as well. The families are a good source of personal information if the service user forgets to tell professional staff any information that should really be considered when planning their care and support in a holistic way. This benefits both the service user and the professional staff, because the service user can be given the right sort of care, and all needs can be catered for and the staff can make sure that they have all their facts and information right about the service user to make sure that their care is as centered to the service user as much as possible. (D1) In this last part of this assignment I will be analyising the reasons for working with professionals from more than one agency when planning support for individuals. I will also be using the same case studies as previous about Sam and Gina. Gina is going to need help and support from more than one type of agency. She is going to need physiotherapy and surgery. If GinaÃ¢â¬â¢s pelvic fracture is serious enough she could be kept on the intensive care unit for a short period of time. The surgery team will probably refer Gina to a physiotherapist, to make the recovery time quicker and to get her back on her feet as soon as possible. GinaÃ¢â¬â¢s broken leg may also need surgery and she is going to need crutches for both fractures as well as more physiotherapy. It is important that the both professional members of staff work together to make GinaÃ¢â¬â¢s recovery as swift as possible to keep her out of pain. Gina is also not going to be active for several months and is at high risk of blood clots, she is also going to need to be talked to about blood thinning medication to reduce the risk of this. It is important that all members of staff involved in GinaÃ¢â¬â¢s care work together or keep in contact incase anything changes in her care plan, or any other problems become relevant. The translator for Gina also needs to be present as well to make sure information between Gina and professional members of staff is being understood properly. This will also affect how much pain she is in, because she may not be able to say how much pain she is in to members of staff. Sam is going to need speech therapy and physiotherapy when he leaves hospital. He may also need help in gaining his cognitive skills back; his mental health may also be affected. Many stroke patients get frustrated and depressed easily and personalities often change, this can be to do with them going from being able to do most things to being very dependant on caring. According to Dr Janet Spradlin, a rehabilitation psychologist at St. Anthony Rehabilitation Center in Oklahoma City. Ã¢â¬Å"Depression is very common after any life-changing health challenge, especially if it means a loss of independence.Ã¢â¬ Medication staff is going to have to work closely with the Sam and the stroke consultants to make sure any medication that he is put on is safe and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t make him feel any worse than he actually is. This is important to make sure that his recovery is made swifter and his mental state (if affected) isnÃ¢â¬â¢t made any worse. With the many physical and mental effects that come with having a stroke; Sam is going to need physiotherapy and speech therapy as quickly as possible, as well as speeding up the recovery process this will make Sam probably feel more confident, which is a great thing when planning holistic support for a service user, because it makes them feel at the centre of all the planning involved. It is vital that all professional members of staff from all different agencies keep in contact with each other in case of any drastic changes in SamÃ¢â¬â¢s health. The more Sam is put in the centre of the planning for his holistic support the better quality of life he is going to have through the recovery period. In conclusion it is important for all professional members of staff to keep in touch while caring for a service user holistically; putting them at the centre; service users find it easier to cooperate and trust certain members of staff, which make it easier for the staff to support and give the care. When providing holistic support to a service user, all agencies involved need to be referring to the service user when providing care, this ensures that all needs are met and the care is easier and more efficient to give. All staff involved and service users are made happy by this.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
The Banality of Abstraction Western Philosophys Failure to Address the Moral Implications of the Holocaust
Two of the 20th CenturyÃ¢â¬â¢s most prominent philosophers were Martin Heidegger and Hannah Arendt, who happened to live and work during the time period in which the atrocities of The Holocaust were committed. In addition to a strong mutually beneficial intellectual relationship, the two of them had a romantic affair.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Ã¢â¬ËBanalityÃ¢â¬â¢ of Abstraction: Western PhilosophyÃ¢â¬â¢s Failure to Address the Moral Implications of the Holocaust specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The fact that he was a German and she was a Jew makes their story all the more interesting. Why would a man who loved a Jewish woman be a strong supporter of German politics during the Holocaust? Why would Arendt forgive him? Can Heideggerian philosophy account for the catastrophic crimes committed against the Jewish race? What good are philosophic ideals if they do not address morality in everyday life? In this essay, I attempt to address some of these questions. Additionally, I would like to address the relationship of Arendt and Heidegger in the context of The Holocaust, and the effect that it had upon their philosophical works. Also, I attempt to prove that HeideggerÃ¢â¬â¢s political failings, and a refusal to admit any wrongdoing on the part of the German government, undermine his philosophical credibility, while ArendtÃ¢â¬â¢s public endorsement of him and his ideals weakens her credibility as a voice of the Jewish people. Philosophy is the study of and the admiration for wisdom itself. It comes from the Greek words Ã¢â¬Å"philos,Ã¢â¬ meaning love and Ã¢â¬Å"sophia,Ã¢â¬ which means wisdom. After his mentor Husserl, Heidegger was a major proponent of Ã¢â¬Å"phenomenology,Ã¢â¬ the philosophic study of structures of consciousnessÃ¢â¬âsort of a detailed look at what the process of thinking is itself, and how philosophies are created. In 1923 Heidegger took a positio n at Marburg University, working as an associate professor. He continued to work in phenomenology and also lectured on Aristotle. During this time period, he worked on his treatise, Being and Time, which was ultimately seen as a major philosophical work. Partially due to this accomplishment, Heidegger was awarded the position of Philosophic Chair in 1928 at Freiberg University. With HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s rise to power, HeideggerÃ¢â¬â¢s life entered a more controversial stage, referred to as Ã¢â¬Å"the turn.Ã¢â¬ Though he had been rather apolitical prior to the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s, the increasing demands of university hierarchy necessitated a certain degree of political involvement. He was elected rector of Freiburg University in 1933, and soon after joined the NSDAP party. His infamous rectorÃ¢â¬â¢s address from that post is often seen as evidence of Nazi support, though the movement is not specifically mentioned. However, actions speak louder than words, and during his rectorship, Heide gger willingly transformed the university into the National-Socialist mold, expelling Jewish academics, and not even objecting to the firing of his previous mentor Husserl.Advertising Looking for essay on philosophy? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Perhaps surprisingly, a year later Heidegger resigned from the post, and expressed some covert criticism of Nazi ideology, engendering the surveillance of The Gestapo, and eventually sent to dig trenches. HeideggerÃ¢â¬â¢s ambiguous relationship with the Nazi party has sparked a great deal of criticism, and continues to this day. Books like The Political Ontology of Martin Heidegger by Pierre Bourdieu, Heidegger and Ã¢â¬Å"the JewsÃ¢â¬ by Jean-FranÃ §ois Lyotard, and The German Genius: EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s Third Renaissance, the Second Scientific Revolution, and the Twentieth Century by Peter Watson question whether HeideggerÃ¢â¬â¢s philosophy should be considered valid in light o f his political sympathies. He was considered a great ideologist and was banned from teaching at the same time. Even in his own time, HeideggerÃ¢â¬â¢s loyalties were questioned. On the one hand, his actions garnered the suspicions of the Gestapo and were anti-government enough to get him a post digging trenches. On the other hand, because at one point heÃ¢â¬â¢d been an openly anti-Semitic rector, he was banned from teaching until 1949. The ban was lifted in part due to Hannah ArendtÃ¢â¬â¢s willingness to vouch for him (Rosenbaum), interesting in its own right. Still, he continued to write until his death, with increasingly obscure texts. In 1924 Hannah Arendt enrolled as a student at Marlburg University to study philosophy, and took classes with Martin Heidegger a year later. The contradictory nature of their relationship encapsulates the cognitive dissonance between the ideals of the National Socialist Movement and its reality. Though a brilliant philosopher, Heidegger as a m an failed to address the moral implications of the Holocaust, and as a result lost the respect of his peers, students, and by extension, Western philosophy as a whole suffered. He was the most prominent philosopher of his time, gaining near-celebrity status, but he was a contradictory man. He espoused virtue, yet cheated on his wife. He loved Hannah Arendt for her mind, yet made her feel as though she must stifle her intelligence in his presence so as not to threaten his egoistic intelligence. He cared deeply for a Jewish woman, and his best teacher was a Jewish man, Edmond Husserl, yet he upon becoming rector of The University of Freiburg, he banned Jewish intellectuals from the establishment. The relationship between Heidegger and Arendt can be seen as a metaphor for the arc of philosophy as a whole during the time period in which they lived.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Ã¢â¬ËBanalityÃ¢â¬â¢ of Abstraction: Western PhilosophyÃ¢â¬â¢s Failure to Ad dress the Moral Implications of the Holocaust specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More First, Heidegger alone was prominent, garnering fame through books like Being and Time (1927) and The Task of Thinking (1964) and teaching notable courses that gained him fame and recognition uncommon for a philosopher. At this time, philosophy was a mainstay in German society, something upon which people could rely at a time when government wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t fulfilling the needs of its people. Cultural zeitgeistÃ¢â¬âa return to natureÃ¢â¬âa metaphysical observation of details and thoughts and principles, not the rigidity of prior ideas introduced by Nietzsche, the key notable feature of which was the natural approach that was later applied to all fields of science and industry as well as education and politics. Then, Arendt entered the picture, representative the increasing presence of women at the university level, and all for which that stoodÃ¢â¬âsh e was said to have brought a conscience to the world of philosophy, weighing the grand ideas of her time against private principles of good and evil, applying them to reality. With the change in government, everything shifted. Arendt was interned, then escaped to America,Ã¢â¬âexcised from academic society as all Jews and most women of the time were. Heidegger gained prominence during this same time period, delivering a rectorial address promoting the Nazi Socialist Movement based on the ideas that development of a man and technological progress should be simultaneous and be carried out highlighting the triumph of a man over technology though focusing on the importance of a symbiosis between a man and technology. As the Holocaust dragged on, and it became increasingly clear that it was not a movement of ideals but one of hatred and destruction, the banished point of view of Hannah Arendt became the mainstay in public opinion. With her publication years later of Eichmann in Jerusal em: a Report on the Banality of Evil (2006), she captured the thought of the time, answering for herself questions full of emotional coloring and philosophical ideas of why people make others suffer through the most sophisticated and cruel crimes against the humankind (Avineri). However, the answers were nothing without actions but she could do nothing physically to prevent those crimes and humiliation, destruction and devastation.Advertising Looking for essay on philosophy? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Finally, we see the difficult but grand triumph of forgiveness over ignorance and intolerance. Though Heidegger never apologized for his political actions, and never even explained the reasoning behind why he acted in the way that he did, Arendt forgave him. The two reconnected with a tenuous academic friendship, mostly in the form of letters that contained a touch of the inspired romance the two had once known. Though in action they were opposites, the gentle Jew and the fox-like Gentile, they were perfect academic counterpartsÃ¢â¬âinspiring one another with lofty ideas, and praising each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s attempts for the sake of mutual growth. The concept of Heidegger being a fox is discussed closely by Arendt in her personal diary Denktagebuch of 1953 where she kept interesting thoughts about people, the situation, and some notes from notable books she liked or disliked (Forrest 6). Arendt even took the step of helping Heidegger to regain his reputation. The world was skeptical of German intellectuals after the war. HadnÃ¢â¬â¢t their ideas made a direct path to the dogma that caused the Holocaust? Arendt argued that this was not so; Ã¢â¬Å"He did his dutyÃ¢â¬ ¦; he not only obeyed orders, he also obeyed the lawÃ¢â¬ (Arendt, Eichmann 135). She helped him to regain his standing, and for the most part forgave him, though in private she still expressed sorrow and a bit of skepticism about his moral conduct (Forrest 6). This was another way the world reflected her views. Germans tenuously rebuilt their reputations, but many retained private resentments, and the world at large still remembers them as the society in which Nazism could thrive. The philosophical environment in Germany was favorable for development of ideologies and different concepts that could be used to encourage people for changes and increase their moral spirits. The political ideology was created in the same time as the philosophical one though people did not recognize the applicability of ideas to the political life of the country and, as it later turned out, most part of the world. As such, it is questionable whether the ideology itself was negative or its implementation in practice was ineffective and perverted. The political ontology of Martin Heidegger interpreted by Pierre Bourdieu referencing youth Zeitgeist suggests that it was based on the natural approach and its popularity for cultural use. In addition, HeideggerÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"turnÃ¢â¬ and his belief in Ã¢â¬Å"inner truth and greatness of the movementÃ¢â¬ânamely the encounter between global technology and the modern manÃ¢â¬ (Bourdieu 9) can be considered decisive for shaping his views and peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of his ideas referring to the Nazi ideology and him as an integral part of it. The HolocaustÃ¢â¬â¢s effect on philosophy was great because any event that takes place in the world and raises a great number of different views that are often opposing each other makes the world of phi losophy revive leading to strong criticism or support to the event or people who provoked it. As such, philosophical ideas by Nietzsche that were provoked by the Holocaust can be used for a more thorough analysis of interactions in the society in that period so that people stopped talking about the dissemination of ideas. If people do not agree with the Nazi philosophy and are not ready to support the movement, why should they act in a strongly negative and destructing manner. Some of NietzscheÃ¢â¬â¢s famous quotes about the Holocaust include the following: Ã¢â¬Å"Under conditions of peace the warlike man attacks himselfÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The surest way to corrupt a youth is to instruct him to hold in higher esteem those who think alike than those who think differently.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ËHolocaust TheologyÃ¢â¬â¢ can be regarded as an individual strain of thought because it explained the desire of people to dominate and their high level of patriotic views while any patriotism when re ceived in high doses can be harmful and leading to fascist views. At the same time, Martin Heidegger who was considered one of the prominent philosophers of the time supported the Nazi ideology and Adolf Hitler as the ideological leader of this discriminating movement full of hatred and humiliation towards other people and nations. Heidegger was known for criticizing the academic approach to the exploration of the concept of being. As suggested by Loving, Ã¢â¬Å"A stereotypical criticism of much of traditional academia is that it only studies Ã¢â¬Ëdead white malesÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (97). However, he also supported the Nazi ideology which made him a rather controversial person for the period right after the war and till the current moment because people cannot understand how such an educated and prominent philosopher could fail to understand the destructing nature of fascism. This can be explained through the notes in Hannah ArendtÃ¢â¬â¢s diary where she uses an allegory of a fox to analyze the behavior of Heidegger and his inability to identify the Ã¢â¬Å"difference between a trap and a non-trapÃ¢â¬ (Forrest 6). As noted by Habermas and McCumber, Ã¢â¬Å"HeideggerÃ¢â¬â¢s work has long since detached itself from his personÃ¢â¬ making him a great philosopher who supports the Nazi though. Arendt was a prominent political theorist though she was often referred to as a philosopher. The relationships between Arendt and Heidegger were unclear for the entire world as they supported each other in all difficulties and troubles. Honan claims that Ã¢â¬Å"Arendt, whose fiery reproach had extended to European Jews whom she said had Ã¢â¬ËcollaboratedÃ¢â¬â¢ with the Nazis in their own destruction, did almost everything she could to whitewash the unrepentant HeideggerÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (26). Another characteristic of their relations by Honan suggests that they were two strong persons who could not reach the compromise in a way we all got used to and their struggle cont inued: Ã¢â¬Å"The book [Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger by Elzbieta Ettinger] shows that Arendt was so arrogant that she thought she alone could decide who should be forgiven and who should not,Ã¢â¬ said Elie Wiesel, the Nobel laureate who has written of his experiences in the Auschwitz death camp. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m not so sure her moral stature will remain intact.Ã¢â¬ The effect of the relationship between Martin Heidegger and Hannah Arendt was evident in their work as she tried in all possible ways to make him look less Nazi-supporting than he was at the same time opposing his views. Heidegger was brilliant in terms of his ideas, concepts, and other philosophical issues he created and introduced in his works though he was negatively perceived due to being a supporter of Hitler. Ã¢â¬ËThe Banality of EvilÃ¢â¬â¢ in contrast with ArendtÃ¢â¬â¢s original phrase Ã¢â¬Å"radical evilÃ¢â¬ can be interpreted as her attempt to reconcile her view of MartinÃ¢â¬â¢s evil and make an accounting for it so that she can forgive herself for loving an evil man. The lasting Impact of the works of Heidegger and Arendt is their books like HeideggerÃ¢â¬â¢s Being and Time which questioned the concept of being as it should be applied rather than it have been applied since PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas introduced and ArendtÃ¢â¬â¢s books Eichmann in Jerusalem: a Report on the Banality of Evil where she tries to justify her affection for a man who commits evil and The Origins of Totalitarianism which can be considered one of the great political theories of all times. To conclude, the abstraction of philosophy renders it impotentÃ¢â¬âin the case of Heidegger, his refusal to allow his ideas to stand up to real-world examples makes them meaningless. Heidegger was considered weak because he could not decide which of the parties he wants to support. At the same time, he was strongly criticized by all activists of the time for his positive reaction to the Nazi ideology and antisem itism whereas the most active critic was Hannah Arendt who was also his major supporter because she tried to clean his reputation. She forgave him everything and reflected her justification for their relationships in her books and notes where she claimed that he was like a fox that could not identify the trap. Both the events of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life and the major relationships one has in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s lifetime have a significant impact on intellectual work. Martin HeideggerÃ¢â¬â¢s abstraction of moral concepts sidesteps any real ethical judgmentsÃ¢â¬ ¦ and ArendtÃ¢â¬â¢s public endorsement of him and his ideals weakens her credibility as a voice of the Jewish people. Works Cited Arendt, Hannah, and Martin Heidegger. Letters, 1925-1975. Uncorrected Proof ed. Orlando: Harcourt, 2004. Print. Arendt, Hannah. Eichmann in Jerusalem: a Report on the Banality of Evil. New York, NY: Penguin, 2006. Print. Arendt, Hannah. The Origins of Totalitarianism. 2nd Enlarged ed. Breinigsville, PA: Bene diction Classics, 2009. Print. Avineri, Shlomo. Ã¢â¬Å"Where Hannah Arendt Went Wrong.Ã¢â¬ Haaretz Daily Newspaper. 2010. Web. Bourdieu, Pierre. The Political Ontology of Martin Heidegger. Stanford, CA: Stanford UP, 1991. Print. Forrest, Rosanna. Hannah and Martin: Study Guide. Web. Habermas, Jurgen, and John McCumber. Ã¢â¬Å"Work and Weltanschauung: The Heidegger Controversy from a German Perspective.Ã¢â¬ Critical Inquiry 15.2 (1989): 431. Web. Heidegger, Martin. Basic Writings: from Being and Time (1927) to The Task of Thinking (1964). Comp. Krell David. Farrell. London: Harper Rowe, 1993. Print. Heidegger, Martin. Being and Time. Trans. Joan Stambaugh. Comp. Dennis J. Schmidt. Albany: State University of New York, 2010. Print. Honan, William H. Ã¢â¬Å"Book on PhilosopherÃ¢â¬â¢s Life Stirs Scholarly Debate Over Her Legacy.Ã¢â¬ Editorial. New York Times 1995, Sunday ed.: 26. Web. Loving, Gregory David. Ã¢â¬Å"The Forgotten: Implications of LyotardÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Heideg ger and The JewsÃ¢â¬ : Issues of Race in Philosophical Discourse.Ã¢â¬ Philosophical Studies in Education 39 (2008): 97-105. Web. Lyotard, Jean-FranÃ §ois. Heidegger and Ã¢â¬Å"the Jews.Ã¢â¬ Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 1990. Print. Rosenbaum, Ron. Ã¢â¬Å"Troubling New Revelations about Arendt and Heidegger. Ã¢â¬â By Ron Rosenbaum.Ã¢â¬ Slate Magazine. 2009. Web. Watson, Peter. The German Genius: EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s Third Renaissance, the Second Scientific Revolution, and the Twentieth Century. New York: Harper, 2010. Print. This essay on The Ã¢â¬ËBanalityÃ¢â¬â¢ of Abstraction: Western PhilosophyÃ¢â¬â¢s Failure to Address the Moral Implications of the Holocaust was written and submitted by user Stacy Campbell to help you with your own studies. 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